Enter Address, City, Neighborhood, Zip or MLS Number

Round Rock Homes for Sale

  • Listings
  • About
  • Amenities
  • Schools
  • Walk Score

Round Rock Home Listings

Refine This Search
443 Properties Found. Showing Page 1 of 37
Sort by:

$234,999
3703 Hawk View St - Round Rock, TX 78665

Bedrooms
4
Baths
3
SQ. Feet
2,599
Acres
0.19
Year Built
2006
$234,999
City: Round Rock
Status: Active
House in Eagle Ridge Sec 13
4 br, 3 ba, 2,599 ft²
MLS® #: 4012589
Price:
$234,999
City:
Round Rock
Beds:
4
Baths:
3
Type:
Residential
MLS® #:
4012589
Sqft:
2,599
Acres:
0.19
Status:
Active
Subdivision:
Eagle Ridge Sec 13
Property Listed By:
City View Realty

Come Visit The House With A Pool On The Top Of The Hill. Master Downstairs, Laminate And Hard Tile Flooring Through The Majority Of The House, Must See To Appreciate.

Photo of Listing #4012589

$125,000
2932 Donnell Dr - Round Rock, TX 78664

Bedrooms
3
Baths
2
SQ. Feet
1,185
Acres
0.23
Year Built
1997
$125,000
City: Round Rock
Status: Active
House in Bradford Park Sec 3a
3 br, 2 ba, 1,185 ft²
MLS® #: 7816632
Price:
$125,000
City:
Round Rock
Beds:
3
Baths:
2
Type:
Residential
MLS® #:
7816632
Sqft:
1,185
Acres:
0.23
Status:
Active
Subdivision:
Bradford Park Sec 3a
Property Listed By:
Keller Williams Realty-rr

Great House With Open Floor Plan. Part Of The 2nd Car Parking Space In Garage Has Been Built In To Allow Convenience Of Indoor Laundry Facilities With Walk-in Pantry. Big Backyard With Great View That Backs Up To Privately Owned Land. Great Neighborhood. Great Round Rock Schools. Convenient To Shopping. Don't Miss Out On This Lovely House!

Photo of Listing #7816632

$155,000
1003 Ridgeline Dr - Round Rock, TX 78664

Bedrooms
3
Baths
2
SQ. Feet
1,553
Acres
0.2
Year Built
1975
$155,000
City: Round Rock
Status: Active
House in Mesa Park Sec 02
3 br, 2 ba, 1,553 ft²
MLS® #: 5401045
Price:
$155,000
City:
Round Rock
Beds:
3
Baths:
2
Type:
Residential
MLS® #:
5401045
Sqft:
1,553
Acres:
0.20
Status:
Active
Subdivision:
Mesa Park Sec 02
Property Listed By:
Keller Williams Realty

Gorgeously Updated Home In The Highly Desirable Mesa Park. This Mother-in-law Plans Boasts With Granite Coutnertops, High Ceilings And A Fire Place. Great Size Yard And The Perfect Home For Entertaining And Welcoming Your Friends And Family!

Photo of Listing #5401045

$144,500
1801 Tamra Ct - Round Rock, TX 78681

Bedrooms
3
Baths
2
SQ. Feet
1,470
Acres
0.11
Year Built
1985
$144,500
City: Round Rock
Status: Active
House in Westwind
3 br, 2 ba, 1,470 ft²
MLS® #: 1873126
Price:
$144,500
City:
Round Rock
Beds:
3
Baths:
2
Type:
Residential
MLS® #:
1873126
Sqft:
1,470
Acres:
0.11
Status:
Active
Subdivision:
Westwind
Property Listed By:
Lisa Goldin Properties

Absolutely Charming Home In The Heart Of Round Rock West. Prime Location Minutes From 45/mopac/i 35. With In Walking Distance To Park And La Frontera Shopping Center. This Beautiful Two Story Home Has An Abundance Of Space With 3 Bedrooms, 2 Bathrooms. Beautiful Stainless Steal Appliances And Full Stone Fireplace. Entertain Guest In The Large Backyard! This Home Is A M...

Photo of Listing #1873126
Virtual Tour

$234,900
1807 Indian Summer Pass - Round Rock, TX 78665

Bedrooms
5
Baths
3
SQ. Feet
2,499
Acres
0.19
Year Built
1999
$234,900
City: Round Rock
Status: Active
House in Round Rock Ranch Ph 01 Sec 02 Amd
5 br, 3 ba, 2,499 ft²
MLS® #: 3101881
Price:
$234,900
City:
Round Rock
Beds:
5
Baths:
3
Type:
Residential
MLS® #:
3101881
Sqft:
2,499
Acres:
0.19
Status:
Active
Subdivision:
Round Rock Ranch Ph 01 Sec 02 Amd
Property Listed By:
Central Metro Realty

Don't Miss This Beautifully Updated 5 Bedroom House. Granite Counters With Breakfast Bar And Breakfast Area, Open To The Family Room! Loft Upstairs. Master Down With Large Cedar Lined Walk In Closet, Dual Vanities, Separate Tub And Shower. Bathroom With Double Sinks Upstairs. Walk In Closets In 2 Secondary Beds. No Direct Neighbors Behind! Shady Backyard With Beautiful ...

Photo of Listing #3101881

$449,900
905 Morning View Pl - Round Rock, TX 78665

Bedrooms
5
Baths
4
SQ. Feet
3,954
Acres
0.62
Year Built
1995
$449,900
City: Round Rock
Status: Active
House in Forest Ridge Estates
5 br, 4 ba, 3,954 ft²
MLS® #: 9612545
Price:
$449,900
City:
Round Rock
Beds:
5
Baths:
4
Type:
Residential
MLS® #:
9612545
Sqft:
3,954
Acres:
0.62
Status:
Active
Subdivision:
Forest Ridge Estates
Property Listed By:
Austin City Realty Sales

Don't Miss This Custom Home By David Neely, Located In Cul-de-sac And .62 Park-like Acres, Offers 3 Masters, Bronze Faucets, Plenty Of Granite Counter Space, S.s. Appliances, Views Of The Entertaining Dream Backyard W/ Over 800sf Of Decking, Additional Boat Storage Fenced, Built-in Cabinets In Office, Great Game Room With Bar! D.s. Master Bath Comes With Coffee Niche, S...

Photo of Listing #9612545

$134,900
2712 High Point Dr - Round Rock, TX 78664

Bedrooms
3
Baths
2
SQ. Feet
1,203
Acres
0.16
Year Built
2000
$134,900
City: Round Rock
Status: Active
House in Flower Hill Sec 2
3 br, 2 ba, 1,203 ft²
MLS® #: 3682915
Price:
$134,900
City:
Round Rock
Beds:
3
Baths:
2
Type:
Residential
MLS® #:
3682915
Sqft:
1,203
Acres:
0.16
Status:
Active
Subdivision:
Flower Hill Sec 2
Property Listed By:
Home Select Realty

Hurry, This Home Will Not Be On The Market For Long, Huge Deck In Backyard!!1st Time Buyers! Rare One Story Home In A Wonderful Area...close To Great: Schools, Shopping, Groceries, Exercise Facilities, Clay Madsen Center, Old Settler's 500 Acre Park, Forest Creek Golf, Outlet Mall, Hwy 45 & 130...and Yes The New Hawaiian Falls Water Park!! Spacious Yard! Ready For Your ...

Photo of Listing #3682915

$194,900
1314 Pigeon View St - Round Rock, TX 78665

Bedrooms
4
Baths
2
SQ. Feet
2,003
Acres
0.16
Year Built
1999
$194,900
City: Round Rock
Status: Active
House in Indian Rdg Sec 01-a
4 br, 2 ba, 2,003 ft²
MLS® #: 4752352
Price:
$194,900
City:
Round Rock
Beds:
4
Baths:
2
Type:
Residential
MLS® #:
4752352
Sqft:
2,003
Acres:
0.16
Status:
Active
Subdivision:
Indian Rdg Sec 01-A
Property Listed By:
E-team Austin Realty

Pristine White Stone Single Story! Pre-inspected For Peace Of Mind. Gorgeous Street Presence, Lovely Landscaping With Open Patio. Gleaming Hardwood Floors. Only Bedrooms Have Carpet. Open Floor Plan, High Ceilings, Crown Molding, Faux Wood Blinds, Fireplace In Great Room, Garden Tub, Water Softener, Sitting Area In Master. Fourth Bedroom/study With French Doors. Cheery ...

Photo of Listing #4752352
Virtual Tour

$179,900
2722 Summerwalk Pl - Round Rock, TX 78665

Bedrooms
7
Baths
2
SQ. Feet
1,546
Acres
0.26
Year Built
2006
$179,900
City: Round Rock
Status: Active
House in Settlers Overlook Sec 02
7 br, 2 ba, 1,546 ft²
MLS® #: 4774852
Price:
$179,900
City:
Round Rock
Beds:
7
Baths:
2
Type:
Residential
MLS® #:
4774852
Sqft:
1,546
Acres:
0.26
Status:
Active
Subdivision:
Settlers Overlook Sec 02
Property Listed By:
Re/max Centx Assoc.

Photo of Listing #4774852

$205,000
1203 Rockridge St - Round Rock, TX 78681

Bedrooms
3
Baths
3
SQ. Feet
2,236
Acres
0.2
Year Built
1990
$205,000
City: Round Rock
Status: Active
House in Creekmont West
3 br, 3 ba, 2,236 ft²
MLS® #: 2206771
Price:
$205,000
City:
Round Rock
Beds:
3
Baths:
3
Type:
Residential
MLS® #:
2206771
Sqft:
2,236
Acres:
0.20
Status:
Active
Subdivision:
Creekmont West
Property Listed By:
Keller Williams Realty

Great 3 Bedroom Home In Creekmont West Subdivision In Round Rock. Backs To A Protected Green Space. Tons Of Windows And Natural Light In This Home.

Photo of Listing #2206771

$264,900
3827 Noe Ln - Round Rock, TX 78681

Bedrooms
3
Baths
2
SQ. Feet
2,451
Acres
0.16
Year Built
2004
$264,900
City: Round Rock
Status: Active
House in Mayfield Ranch Sec 04
3 br, 2 ba, 2,451 ft²
MLS® #: 3021534
Price:
$264,900
City:
Round Rock
Beds:
3
Baths:
2
Type:
Residential
MLS® #:
3021534
Sqft:
2,451
Acres:
0.16
Status:
Active
Subdivision:
Mayfield Ranch Sec 04
Property Listed By:
Realty Austin

Greenbelt Lot In Mayfield Ranch! Well Maintained, Move-in Ready One Story, 4 Sides Brick Home In Mayfield Ranch. 3 Bed, 2 Ba, W/ Retreat/bonus Room Between Secondary Bedrooms. Mil Plan, Kitchen Open To Family Room Offers An Eat-in Breakfast Bar And Large Space For Kitchen Table. Formal Living & Dining Room. Enjoy Watching Wildlife From Your Back Patio That Overlooks...

Photo of Listing #3021534
Virtual Tour

$190,000
3733 Eagles Nest St - Round Rock, TX 78665

Bedrooms
4
Baths
3
SQ. Feet
2,720
Acres
0.16
Year Built
1998
$190,000
City: Round Rock
Status: Active
House in Eagle Ridge Sec 04 Amd
4 br, 3 ba, 2,720 ft²
MLS® #: 5076815
Price:
$190,000
City:
Round Rock
Beds:
4
Baths:
3
Type:
Residential
MLS® #:
5076815
Sqft:
2,720
Acres:
0.16
Status:
Active
Subdivision:
Eagle Ridge Sec 04 Amd
Property Listed By:
Ultima Real Estate

Fantastic Buy At Only $69.85 Per Sf. Great Family Home With All 4 Bedrooms And A Game Room Upstairs. Combo Living Room/dining And A Large Family Room With Fireplace On The Main Floor. This Home Is Perfectly Set Up For A Large Family And Perfectly Located Close To Everything. Only Minutes From I-35 And Hwy 130, Ikea, Super Heb, 2 Hospitals And The Higher Education Ca...

Photo of Listing #5076815
 

About Round Rock

MLS®#: 5407855 - 3467 Gattis School Rd, Round Rock - $1,279,357
1,279,357
MLS®#: 8656599 - 7275 County Road 110, Round Rock - $880,000
880,000
MLS®#: 8266314 - 3703 Oak Meadow Dr, Round Rock - $840,000
840,000
MLS®#: 1519765 - 2100 Park Place Circle, Round Rock - $803,450
803,450
MLS®#: 7758822 - 2332 Camino Del Verdes Pl, Round Rock - $799,900
799,900
MLS®#: 2784562 - , Round Rock - $779,000
779,000
MLS®#: 7050059 - 2313 Woodway, Round Rock - $775,000
775,000
MLS®#: 8183507 - 2105 Park Oak Dr, Round Rock - $739,777
739,777
MLS®#: 7564502 - 3028 Oak Vista Lane, Round Rock - $734,931
734,931
MLS®#: 9842505 - 2308 Walsh Dr, Round Rock - $725,000
725,000
MLS®#: 9542164 - 2220 Park Place Cir, Round Rock - $699,900
699,900
MLS®#: 8546433 - 700 Clear Spring Cv, Round Rock - $699,000
699,000

The second-fastest growing city in the nation, Round Rock enjoys the advantage of an award-winning master plan, park system, and school district, as well as holding some of the lowest crime, property tax, and utility rates in Texas. In 1970, only 2,700 residents lived in Round Rock, Texas. In 2013, over 104,000 individuals called the city home.

Round Rock stands as a major center for economic growth in central Texas, with industry strongholds in clean energy, advanced manufacturing, life sciences, and computer/software development. The Austin-Round Rock area ranked second in the Milken Institute's list of Best-Performing Cities in America for 2012. The area also ranked 5th in the United States among the Best Cities for Relocating Families, according to a national study by Primacy and Worldwide ERC®. In 2010, Forbes.com ranked Round Rock the second most innovative city due to its patents per capita and ratio of high-tech, science, and "creative" jobs. When CNBC searched for the perfect U.S. suburb in 2011, Round Rock made number eight. With its median house value below that of nearby Austin, a metro-area unemployment rate lower than the national rate, and its ranking as one of the top four safest cities in the U.S., it is quite the competitor!

Speaking of tough competitors, “Round Rock is branded ‘Sports Capital of the Texas’ and just built a huge sports complex,” shared resident Karen Thomas. Though famed for its amateur, youth, and recreational sports, its crown jewel Dell Diamond houses the Round Rock Express, a Triple A affiliate of the Texas Rangers!

traditional two story brick home in round rock

Residential Real Estate Statistics*

Price Range

$53,000 to $1,279,357

Average Price

$280,655

Median Price

$260,000

Size Range of Homes

820 to 6,426 SqFt

Price Range of Homes (per square foot)

$40 to $355

Median Price (per square foot)

$106

Average Days on the Market

55

Properties in Round Rock

round rock - a large suburban houseNow the second largest city in the Austin area, Round Rock homes attract residents from all over the world. “Round Rock is attracting and retaining talented individuals because of all of the higher education options we offer and because of our sense of community and economic vitality,” said Mayor Alan McGraw.

Round Rock offers both new construction and resale homes, with the oldest from the 1930s. Homes in Round Rock can range from starter homes to homes into the millions. For a luxury home in the most prestigious neighborhoods of Round Rock, consider Avery Ranch, Teravista, Arbor Place, Great Oaks, Avery Brookside, Hidden Glen, Ranch at Brushy Creek (Trailside, The Ranch, The Retreat, and The Domain), Behrens Ranch, Mira Vista, Walsh Ranch, Brushy Bend Park, Highland Horizon, Spanish Oak Terrace, Forest Creek, Paloma Lake, Lake Forest, and Eagle Ridge.

* Based on current MLS listings

Location

Round Rock, Texas is located on Highway I-35 in Williamson County just 15 miles north of Austin, the state capital. State Highway 130 and 45 toll roads run through portions of Round Rock and have greatly increased mobility to the city. Round Rock’s zip codes are7866478665,786807868178682, and 78683, and its MLS areas are RRW and RRE. Its stands 21 miles north of the Austin-Bergstrom International Airport, nine miles south of Georgetown, and eight miles east of Cedar Park.


View Round Rock in a larger map

Most homes in Round Rock are served by Round Rock Independent School District (RRISD), a highly acclaimed district and one of the largest in Central Texas.

expansive house in round rockRound Rock boasts over 20 major employers including Dell, Inc.; Emerson Process Management; Wayne, A GE Energy Business; Sears Teleserv, TECO-Westinghouse; Toppan Photomask; and Round Rock Premium Outlets. The city is also home to four major medical centers (St. David’s Round Rock, Scott & White Healthcare, Seton Williamson, and Texas A&M Health Science Center) and two major higher learning centers (Austin Community College's largest campus and Texas State University). Its library, Round Rock Library, is located at 216 E. Main Street.

Round Rock History

brushy creek in Round Rock, TXOriginally called “Brushy,” the city of Round Rock was established in 1851 and given its current name in 1854. “Round Rock is named for an actual ‘round’ rock in the center of Brushy Creek,” explained Thomas. The rock was a landmark on cattle drive maps back in the day. “If the rock was under water, the creek was too high to cross,” she said. “If you could see it, then it was safe to cross.”

The Chisholm Trail passed through the current City of Round Rock, crossing Brushy Creek at the site of the famous rock. Texas sculptor Jim Thomas has been commissioned by the City of Round Rock to create a 22-figure bronze Chisholm Trail Drive for the city's new park at the site of the famous crossing. “There are currently five bronze sculptures in the new park with the latest being ‘Goin' To Water,’ a walking longhorn commissioned by Mary and Edward Torres to commemorate their long family heritage in the area. The sculpture holds the Torres registered cattle brands and ear tags,” added Thomas.

Palm House Museum, Round Rock TXThe arrival of the International and Great Northern Railroad in 1876 forced Round Rock’s commercial area eastward. Today, the original settlement (referred to as Old Town) has special historical interest. Several businesses have restored and relocated to these buildings. Interesting fact: Downtown Round Rock was the scene of the historic gunfight and capture of famous train robber Sam Bass!

Round Rock Amenities

Dell Diamond

Of the best places in the U.S. to live, work, and play, Kiplinger's Personal Finance ranked Round Rock No. 6 in 2008. The study looked for cities with strong economies, abundant jobs, reasonable living costs, and plenty of fun things to do! Here are just a few of its cultural offerings:

Residents watch the beloved Round Rock Express team play ball at the famous Dell Diamond, which was voted the #1 ballpark in the country by the Fifth Annual Minor League News. The center also hosts amateur sporting events, musical concerts, and various exhibitions.

round rock artspaceA four-day, nationally-recognized Americana and roots music celebration showcasing over 30 bands on four stages, Old Settler’s Music Festival has taken place in Round Rock every spring since 1987.

For art-lovers, Round Rock offers ArtSpace. This historic downtown space hosts monthly art exhibitions, first Thursday artist receptions, art-related demonstrations, and lectures. At the 1870’s-era Palm House Museum , visitors can learn about Round Rock’s early farmers and ranchers.

On Thursdays from March through May, the City of Round Rock sponsors Music on Main Street, a free music series on the Main Street Plaza Stage. In the fall, the city presents free Movies in the Park at Main Street Plaza and Centennial Plaza. Under the direction of newly-appointed music director Stefan Sanders, Round Rock Symphony draws classical music lovers from all over central Texas.

The only first-run movie theatre in the world to incorporate a fully functioning microbrewery, Flix Brewhouse offers nine craft beers and 38 draft beers, 47 high-definition digital cinema projection and sound technologies, wall-to-wall curved screens, cushy high back chairs, and Easy Glider moveable table tops.

The performance space known as Sam Bass Community Theater was the original depot for the Union Pacific Railroad that ran through Round Rock. For over 35 years, SBCT has offered Round Rock live performances and theater education programs in the historic space.

Restaurants and Shopping

main street plaza“Nothing can promise a hit like the Sports Capital of Texas. Gear up and tackle the stylish Round Rock Premium Outlets and contemporary IKEA,” said Nancy Yawn, director of the Round Rock Convention and Visitors Bureau, “and when you’re ready for some downtime, warm up the benches at one of our many tasty restaurants.”

For 125 premium outlet store options, residents visit Round Rock Premium Outlets. Offerings include Burberry, Polo Ralph Lauren, Banana Republic, J. Crew, Puma, Coach, and more. Dining options pre- or post-shopping spree include Phil’s Philly Grill, Vera Asian, and Villa Fresh Italian Kitchen.

At Round Rock’s IKEA, shoppers can enjoy a delicious salmon filet and spring salad at its restaurant before spending an afternoon perusing 500 thousand labyrinthine square feet of low-cost Scandinavian ready-to-assemble modern furniture, appliances, and home accessories.

Round Rock OutletsRound Rock's largest master-planned commercial and office business center, La Frontera offers a million square feet of retail including Kohl’s, Sam’s Club, Hobby Lobby, and World Market. Interesting tidbit: La Frontera stands on the filming location of the 1974 cult movie classic The Texas Chain Saw Massacre!

Across Hester’s Crossing from La Frontera, Sky Ridge Plaza is the site of aforementioned Flix Brewhouse, as well as Best Buy, Guitar Center, Skinny Bob’s Billiards, and Baseball Chi. It offers dining options like HomeField Grill, Luby’s, and Lucky Dog Chicago Style Grill.

In historic Round Rock, more traditional shopping experiences await, plus tasty restaurants such as Louisiana Longhorn Café and Main Street Grill.

Parks and Recreation

Round Rock offers over 47 city-owned parks and was awarded the 2013 National Gold Medal Award for Excellence in Park and Recreation Management (the highest national honor in the park and recreation industry). “We’ve felt for years that Round Rock’s Parks and Recreation Department is one of the best in the business, and it is an important element of what makes us such a special community,” said Mayor McGraw.

Round Rock Dog Depot

The creek-side trails of Memorial Park lead to the famous “round rock” and bronze sculptures at Chisolm Trail Crossing. The centrally located park also boasts a commemorative WWII torpedo, various memorials and plaques, and a playground for children.

Round Rock Playscape - Play for AllThe 23 shady acres of Lake Creek Park offer residents 19 picnic tables, six grills, two playscapes, a pool, a three-section dog park (Round Rock Dog Depot), and a trailhead to hike the Greater Lake Creek Trail System.

Looking for a place to swim, dunk, ace, or skateboard? Clay Madsen Rec Center includes two full-size gymnasiums, a six-lane lap pool, four racquetball courts, a workout center, a 14,000 square-foot outdoor skate park, and a new shaded playground.

Five years in the making, specially-designed Play For All Abilities Park features 51,000 square feet of accessible outdoor fun for every child — including those with disabilities.

It’s game on at Old Settler’s Park with 570 grassy acres including 40 picnic areas, 18 holes of disc golf, 12 lighted tennis courts, seven playgrounds, five soccer fields, three miles of paved trails, two lighted football fields, two sand volleyball courts, a field for playing cricket, a stocked fishing lake, and a remote control airplane take-off and landing strip!

Old Settler’s park also features Rock N’ River waterpark and Champions Field, a 20-field youth baseball and softball complex with 39,000 square feet of shaded spectator areas and 18 lighted batting cages. Special events at OSP include July 4th Frontier Days, Flashlight Easter Egg Hunt, Sports Tournaments, Fall Fun Festival, and Outlaw Trail 100 Cycling Tour.

Gyms and Sports

Round Rock Water ParkRound Rock definitely pulls its weight when it comes to places to work out. Planet Fitness, 24 Hour Fitness, Gold’s Gym, YMCA, and Anytime Fitness are all within five miles of the heart of Round Rock.

When it comes to recreational sports, the city also has the niche cornered. “Our city holds the distinct title of ‘Sports Capital of Texas’ for amateur, youth and recreational sports,” explained Yawn. From the $14 million Round Rock Sport Center to the 11,000-capacity Kelly Reaves Athletic Complex (aka Round Rock ISD athletic complex), it’s easy to see how the city earned this moniker.

Boating and Golf

For water-lovers, 64-mile Lake Travis boasts over 20 marinas and is only 14 miles away. It offers fishing, boating, swimming, scuba diving, waterskiing, windsurfing, zip-lining, and more. Golfers appreciate thatTeravista Golf Club, Forest Creek Golf Club, and Avery Ranch Golf Club are all within six miles of downtown Round Rock.

Round Rock Schools

The information being provided is for consumers' personal, non-commercial use and may not be used for any purpose other than to identify prospective properties consumers may be interested in purchasing.

Based on information from the Austin Board of REALTORS® (alternatively, from ACTRIS) from August 22nd, 2014 at 4:30am CDT. Neither the Board nor ACTRIS guarantees or is in any way responsible for its accuracy. The Austin Board of REALTORS®, ACTRIS and their affiliates provide the MLS and all content therein "AS IS" and without any warranty, express or implied. Data maintained by the Board or ACTRIS may not reflect all real estate activity in the market.

All information provided is deemed reliable but is not guaranteed and should be independently verified.